Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV), also known as „Jordan virus“, has been present in Israel since 2014 and was first discovered in 2015 in Jordan and 2017 in Israel. In Europe, ToBRFV was first reported in Germany in 2018. Since then, reports of infections have been accumulating across Europe but also on other continents (amongst others: Mexico, USA, China). ToBRFV belongs to the genus of Tobamovirus and was shown to have resistance-breaking properties against other Tobamoviruses, such as tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) or tomato mosaic virus (ToMV).ToBRFV causes different symptoms in different varieties. Observed symptoms include yellow or brown, wrinkled spots on fruits, narrowing and mosaic discolorations of leaves as well as deformed or irregularly ripened fruits.
Host plants for ToBRFV mainly include tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) and peppers (Capsicum spp.).
According to current knowledge, potato (Solanum tuberosum) is not a host plant of ToBRFV. In September 2020, the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) approved the addition of ToBRFV to the EPPO A2 list of pests recommended for regulation as quarantine pests.
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